External Business Logic


Kinvey Business Logic is a robust node.js code execution runtime that allows you to customize the behavior of requests to your backend by providing a means to implement server-side business logic. However, it is sometimes desireable to run business logic on an external application server in languages other than node.js. For this purpose, Kinvey provides a means of creating external business logic.

Core Concepts

The External Business Logic architecture is defined as an HTTP RPC API that can be implemented by any application server and allows you to execute business logic tasks from that server via your Kinvey backend. Externa Business Logic can be developed in any language, such as node.js, Java, and C#, as long as it adheres to the defined RPC interface. The service receives RPC requests from the Kinvey Cloud Service (KCS), executes logic based on those requests, and transforms the results into JSON to be sent in the response.

External Business Logic in JAVA

To run Business Logic on a Java application server, you need to create a JAVA HTTP service that uses our open-source Java SDK.


To start from scratch you need to know the following details.

Create an Application Project

Using Eclipse, IntelliJ, or your Java EE IDE of choice, create a new project and import the Kinvey Business Logic SDK. The SDK relies on Jersey to provide REST capabilities for receiving Business Logic requests from the Kinvey Cloud Service (KCS).

Create a Jersey project with a class for each collection or custom endpoint for which you want to implement Business Logic. Alternatively, you can utilize one of the sample projects included in the SDK as a template. The quickstart project contains a bare-bones project for one endpoint.

Modify the Web.xml file

Modify the web.xml file for your project to include the SDK as a dependency for authentication by adding com.kinvey.business_logic.interceptors.KinveyAuthInterceptor to the ContainerRequestFilters init parameter. The resulting parameter should look like:


The Kinvey SDK uses Jackson for JSON parsing/marshalling. To include this in the web servlet, add a reference to Jackson to the packages initialization parameter. Additionally, you should add the package containing your BL classes to this parameter as well.


You can optionally add an ExceptionMapper provider for handling all exceptions to the packages init parameter. Adding this mapper will handle all uncaught exceptions and return them as a valid response to the Kinvey client. If this init parameter is not added, you must provide your own exception handling. Adding this mapper to the above produces the following:


Setting up your Class Files

Next, in your REST class files, annotate the class with a @Path reference to the collection or endpoint that this class will provide business logic for, and add the @Consumes and @Produces annotations as follows:


The External BL SDK uses a single POST entry point for all requests to a single collection (or endpoint). This method can be named anything, but must be annotated with @POST, return a CommandResponse object, and contain a method signature of @PathParam("command") String command, Request<CollectionArguments> request For example:

public CommandResponse myBLRequest(@PathParam("command") String command, Request<CollectionArguments> request){
    CommandResponse myResponse = CommandResponse.initialize();    // do something
    // set myResponse values
    return myResponse;


To ensure that valid requests to your Business Logic code are only coming from the Kinvey Cloud Service, appId and masterSecret credentials are included in the auth header of all requests coming from Kinvey. To validate against these credentials, you need to create a Listener class that listens to these credentials using the KinveyAuthCredentials class. To do this, create a class that implements ServletContextListener. Implement the contextInitialized method, get an instance of KinveyAuthCredentials, and set your appId and master secret.

public class AppConfiguration implements ServletContextListener {
    private final static Logger LOGGER = Logger.getLogger(AppConfiguration.class.getName());

    public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent sce) {
        LOGGER.info("App is being configured.");
        KinveyAuthCredentials auth = KinveyAuthCredentials.getInstance();

    public void contextDestroyed(ServletContextEvent sce) {
        //To change body of implemented methods use File | Settings | File Templates.

In your web.xml, add the class above as a listener under the <web-app> tag.


Building a custom BL Service

To build a BL Service in any language, an HTTP RPC service must be implemented to receive requests from the Kinvey Cloud Service. The API for external BL should implement POST to an endpoint for each data collection and hook that will be accessed via the Kinvey Cloud Service. The URL takes the format https://{base_url}/:collectionName/:hook.

For each collection, six possible routes are enabled:


For custom endpoints, :collectionName is the endpoint name.


Request Parameters

External BL Requests contain the following properties in the Request Body, authenticated via Basic Auth with mastersecret credentials:

argumentsThe payload of the BL Task
commandThe command to be executed (hook type)
kinveyActionThe method of the original request (e.g. POST, PUT)
httpActionThe original HTTP Action (Fetch, Delete or Save)

The arguments object contains the following properties:

appIdThe ID of the app environment
appMetadataMetadata about the app enivornment
targetFunctionThe target function to execute
requestIdThe unique ID of the request
collectionNameThe collection or endpoint name
hookTypeThe type of BL Hook
requestThe request object
responseThe response object

The appMetadata object contains:

appsecretThe app secret
mastersecretThe app mastersecret
pushServicePush configuration information
API_versionThe API version of the request
nameThe app name
platformThe platform making the request (e.g. Android, Xamarin)
urlThe original URL of the request

The request object contains:

methodThe HTTP Method (e.g. POST, PUT, GET)
headersAny HTTP Headers
bodyThe body of the original request
paramsQuery parameters of the original request
usernameThe username of the user who made the request
userIdThe ID of the user who made the request
entityIdThe entityId (if present) of the entity the request was made against
collectionNameThe name of the collection

The response object contains:

statusThe statuscode of the response
headersResponse HTTP Headers
bodyThe body of the response

BL Response

Once your external service processes the BL code, a response must be sent. The response body should contain the request and response objects, and should set a status code. Additionally, a response property complete should be set. If the Kinvey request is to end immediately following the BL script (equivalent to response.complete() in Kinvey Business Logic), The complete property should be set to true and a status code must be set.

Got a question?